The small producers have not been taken care of in its totality for the public politics, in the direction of easinesses of credit agriculturist, support infrastructure, assistance technique and easinesses of commercialization of the productions. The market of agriculture modern, thus, stimulated a situation of different competition where the great proprietors always are the benefited ones. The intensification of the question of the agrarian reform, understood as the fight for the ownership and maintenance of the land, in contraposition its historical concentration and the inherent inaquality, is one of the main forms of manifestation that goes of meeting to the principles of the modernization of agriculture (thick way). In Brazil it seems that history tends to happen again itself, where the few still possess great real properties and many possess small. Therefore, intention is to stand out that the agrarian reform is something important, and needs to be rethink in the current patterns, before the modernization of agriculture, in the direction to provoke homogenization how much to the appropriation and agrarian ownership, and to the income that it can generate under definitive socioeconmicas conditions of the diverse categories of proprietors.
He is sufficiently complex and contradictory the process of modernization of agriculture! Therefore it exists diverse vieses to be boarded. But, it is primordial to detach its importance in the economic scope of the country. In favor of the so famous one? economic development? they have invested strong in the agronegcio as form to conquer high platforms in the commercial relations in world-wide scale. It is not to toa that Brazil has if detached enters agricultural the producing greaters of diverse cultures in detriment of the increase of the production of cultures of subsistence, important to regularize and/or to keep the price of the feeding of the country in steady situation. Thus: The picture that if form in the Brazilian field is of an agrarian structure highly pautada in the land concentration at the hands of a minority, with a production directed toward exportation and to serve as raw material for the industries, with increasing reduction in the food production for the domestic market and marginalizao of the small agricultural producers (IT HISSES, 1981, p.