Archive: September 2016

State Decade

The decade of 50 was the beginning of the model of Brazilian development such sees it today to which, remembering still the crisis of 29/30 with the constitution of one politics of industrialization. The resources had been centered at the hands of the State that propitiated the opening of roads, the infrastructure creation and too much action and projects to allow the development of the country. It was also in the decade of 50 that the measure of the substitution of importation, that aimed at a bigger internal production to prevent importation, started to present some difficulty, being that it had the opening for the external market. This measure was a landmark in the economic development of the country, being that it had an intense search for progress, as shows the JK goal later to make a growth in Brazil of 50 years in only 5. The new adopted measures of development in the country, the new standards having as base the exacerbado consumption, typical of the first world, had been the bases for the period of the Brazilian economic miracle, exactly with the diverse difficulties and inaqualities for which they passed the classroom low of the country. It did not have great concerns with the ambient questions, the interest was the progress of the country, the misery was considered as the main pollution that would have to finish.

The politics and movements that aimed at the care with the natural resources were had as contrary to the progress, and thus were restrained. The nature never was concern for that they withheld the power in its hands, the bases of the development had been the private property and nature transformed into merchandise, the natural goods had become commercialized and to everything a value was attributed. In the decade of 60 and from if they intensify the investments in infrastructure in the country there, creation of more roads and more conditions for the investors, still governmental projects are created to develop the areas of the country that had not received investments industrial, with intention to promote a decentralization and a bigger integration in the domestic territory.


This constitution around the irrigated fruticultura if gave in the long stated period, that is, to the measure that the projects went ripening and attracting good resulted economic, the local population started if to organize ahead of (1999), the invested public capital in infrastructure reduces the costs and the risks of private investment e, in such a way, induce new investments in the region. It generates a direct leverage, that includes private the capital invested in activities directly related to irrigated agriculture, that is, capital invested for the colonists, the companies and the agroindstrias; indirect leverage, that includes decurrent investments of the expansion of the agriculture irrigated (in the commerce, services, small equipment industries, for example) or in infrastructure (improvement of roads, airports, health and education). Being thus, irrigation projects create conditions for the sprouting of a new productive structure in the region where they are implanted, generating conditions so that such regions become less sensible the agricultural crises that, for happiness, they come to occur. This occurs due to a bigger complexity in the economic relations, fruit of an increasing degree of urbanization local industrialization. Given these transformations, such regions start to have characteristics of centers with migratory flows, causing impacts on other localities, mainly the ones that surround to them (IT HISSES, 1989). It is observed that a great population contingent starts to direct itself for these regions, attracted by the increase of the dynamism, in search of job in the secondary and tertiary sectors. In such a way it is necessary that the urban infrastructure grows to a rhythm, at least similar to the necessities of the population and the economic activity, in case that I oppose, runs the risk of will create obstacles to the local development (OLIVEIRA et all, 1991). The introduction of the irrigation projects increased the intensity and the quality of the use of the ground, what it finished raising the productivity, the production and, consequently, the income in the productive units affected by the irrigation. .