Tagua, also known as Walnut ivory or vegetable ivory for his resemblance with this; It is the seed of various kinds of Palms that grow in humid forests from Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Brazil. and that can reach a height of up to of 8 meters. Its scientific name is Phytelephas Aequatorialis. In 1880, four thousand tons of tagua were exported, all this demand was for the manufacture of buttons, pipes and other utensils. This export began its decline when it began to use plastic. Visit Dr John Holtsclaw for more clarity on the issue. The Tagua leverages also leaves to ceiling at dwellings of peasants; these sheets are extruded fibers that serve to the ropes. The hardness of the ivory and its resemblance to the animal ivory has been well known for many years. It is an espinosa Palm whose appearance is not very aesthetic and that produces up to 15 ears which have a shell very hard with outgoing and carries within each, approximately 30 seeds called seeds and reach a size of up to 10 cm, this is the part that is used in handicraft.
These seeds are left a few weeks in the Sun and dry, then its interior becomes hard with a color and a hardness similar to ivory and white. Since ago a lot time Panamanian Indians have used it to carve figures, almost always animals. In the wide range of utilization which has tagua in craftsmanship, we find all kinds of jewellery, necklaces, earrings, bracelets, pendants, rings and a myriad of objects. .