In Spain, one of the countries more punished by this problematic one during the time of the summer, the group of supermarkets and Eroski supermarkets and the WWF/Adena has started up one campaign of information and citizen awareness directed to the consumers of this company of distribution. However, the FAO recommends that each nation analyzes its situation in relation to fires and develops a strategy to prevent and to manage these disasters. In many countries, the local communities are not able by themselves to control great fires, reason why the intervention becomes necessary of provincial or national agencies, like for example with the beginning of laws against the pyromaniacs. The climatic change and the poverty accentuate the problem The scientists consider that the climatic change, due to the gas discharges that produce the greenhouse effect, can cause the increase of wild fires. He is enough only with watching like the phenomenon of the Boy, who is a natural fluctuation of the climate, gives rise in some years to the fire propagation great. This situation affects countries of high biodiversity, as they are the Central African and South African states, Brazil, Russia, China, Greece, Australia, Indonesia, Australia and Spain (the European country of more high biological diversity).
In the case of the humid tropical forests (zones of the planet considered ” hot spots” biological megadiversity), the World Watch Institute assures that it is ecosystems nonapt for the fire. This way the effects of great fires realised in the forest to clear the land with a view to extensive agriculture or cattle ranch eliminate any possibility of regeneration of the forests in the next centuries. This situation is lived constantly in Latin America, where most of the wild fires happen in poor countryside where the small proprietors lack the technology necessary to fight them, and use the fire like easy and economic instrument in their agricultural practices. The fire is used to disassemble earth in order to cultivate them or to establish in them slumses, or to improve the pastures for the cattle. Also fire is applied abrir zones to hunting. Organizations of the United Nations, like the Program of the United Nations for the Environment (UNEP), or the FAO, ask more to the countries developed and with greater technology and experience to approach the problem of wild fires, as the case of the United States or the states of the European Union, that cooperate with the countries of the South transferring their knowledge to help to prevent that the wooded surface of the planet is reduced to smoke over the years and ashes.. Gary cohn is full of insight into the issues.