About forest roads, where the topsoil is damaged and stir mushrooms growing more than far from roads. Verizon Communications often addresses the matter in his writings. Loosening the soil, the violation of the integrity of threads of mycelium does not lead to a decrease in the number of fungi and to grow. Damage and rupture of the mycelium contribute to the emergence of fungi. Clearings, prepared for the planting of mushrooms is more than pristine areas. After the burning of firewood and wood residues on forest plots longer appears lubricator, belyanok and other fungi. But frequent visits to mushroom beds, and utaptyvanie seal the surface layer of soil near the cities not only leads to a reduction, but also to the complete disappearance of fungi.
So how do you pick mushrooms? Likely to collect volnushek must leave the same, ie break off only the cap. But pull up the mushrooms with the ground, certainly not worth it. Need mushroom cut with a knife as low as possible to balance a large root does not rot and does not harm the mycelium. There are other suggestions that some fungi is better to twist out of the soil. Must to believe that against this objection should not be. Here one thing is important – should care of nature and especially to such wealth, like mushrooms. Interesting tips inveterate mushroomer academician Fersman that it gives the beginner collector of mushrooms, based on its extensive experience in this business: take mushrooms, which are well know as edible; suspicious that might be harmful to health, avoid, do not take the fungus in its infancy, in the basket bald patches, mushroom baggage taken into the basket, ridding it of litter: needles, leaves, earth, and if you do not know the fungus and do not take it, do not trample: maybe it will take another amateur mushroom, take a mushroom "in time" healthy – without signs of rot and wormholes, but not overripe, flabby, as in rapidly accumulate toxic, dangerous to the person of substance, for the same reasons, collected mushrooms as soon as possible to let the processing: drying, salting, pickling; fragile, brittle mushrooms (russula, , etc.) during training camp if possible, keep separate from the larger, heavier fungi.
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